CLO issuance in the US hit a new post-2007 record in November. Driven by demand for yield and low default rates among US corporates, investor base for CLO paper has been growing. Institutions are realizing that this asset class actually performed relatively well during the financial crisis with no material losses to AAA tranches. The volume of CLO deals is still significantly below the 2006-2007 period and the AAA tranches in current deals have 40% subordination rather than some 25% in the boom years. But the market is much healthier. There are no monoline insurers, "negative basis", or "CP conduits" involved.
LCD: - For the first 11 months of 2012, the volume of new, regular-way arbitrage deals stands at $45.8 billion. Add to that what managers expect will be another $5-6 billion of December business, and 2012 volume will likely climb to about $51-52 billion, versus $12.5 billion in 2011. That’s a giant leap for a market that produced just $15 billion of new vehicles during the extremely lean years of 2008-2010.
But who is buying the lower rated tranches? Given the performance of the US corporate sector over the cycle, new buyers (various forms of credit funds) are coming in.
LCD: - In today’s yield-starved environment, the low-to-mid-teens equity [the lowest (unrated) tranche of CLOs] returns suggested by CLO models play well, particularly in light of (1) how resilient vintage deals were across the cycle and (2) the fact that distributions are consistent and predictable. Participants note that business-development corporations have been major buyers of CLO equity.As banks become cautious running certain corporate exposure due to new regulations, this old form of "shadow banking" is stepping up once again.
Prospect Capital Corp. (PSEC), for instance, lists $215 million of CLO residual interest, at cost, on June 30, 2012 in its latest 10-K filing, up from none a year earlier. What’s more, several new CLO equity funds cropped up or expanded this year. Examples include Stone Point and Pearl Diver. In addition, sources say, Crystal Fund of London is raising a new CLO fund called BK Opportunities Fund that will invest in junior debt and equity tranches of U.S. CLOs. And GSO in June raised $125 million for its Carador Income Fund, a vehicle listed on the London Stock Exchange that invests in CLO liabilities and equity. Finally, Priority Senior Secured Income Management – an adviser jointly owned by Prospect Capital Management and a subsidiary of Behringer Harvard – filed a shelf registration at the SEC for the Priority Senior Secured Income Fund. If raised, the fund will invest proceeds in CLO equity and junior obligations.
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